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Electron density dictionary (rhoCIF) version 1.0.1

_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_

Names:
'_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_Pc' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_Pv' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P00' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P10' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P11' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P1-1' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P20' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P21' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P2-1' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P22' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P2-2' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P30' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P31' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P3-1' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P32' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P3-2' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P33' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P3-3' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P40' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P41' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P4-1' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P42' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P4-2' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P43' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P4-3' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P44' '_atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P4-4'

Definition:

   Specifies the multipole population coefficients P(l,m) for
   the atom identified in _atom_rho_multipole_atom_label.  The
   multipoles are defined with respect to the local axes specified
   in the ATOM_LOCAL_AXES category.  The coefficients refer to the
   multipole formalism described by Hansen & Coppens [1978,
   equation (2)] which gives the electron density at position
   vector r with respect to an atomic nucleus as

   rho(r) = Pc*rho_core(r) + Pv*k^3^*rho_valence(kappa*r)
           + sum{kappa'(l)^3^*R(kappa'(l),l,r)}
             *sum{P(l,m)*d(l,m,theta,phi)}
   where:
     Pc     = _atom_rho_multipole_coeff_Pc
     Pv     = _atom_rho_multipole_coeff_Pv
     P(0,0) = _atom_rho_multipole_coeff_P00
     Pc + Pv + P(0,0) = Z (the atomic number) for a neutral atom

     kappa     = _atom_rho_multipole_kappa,
     kappa'(l) = _atom_rho_multipole_kappa_prime[l],

     d(l,m,theta,phi) is the spherical harmonic of order l,m at the
     position (theta, phi) with respect to spherical coordinates
     centred on the atom.

     The summations are performed over the index ranges
     0 <= l <= lmax, -l <= m <= l, respectively, where lmax is
     the highest order of multipole applied.

     The spherical coordinates are related to the local Cartesian
     axes defined in category ATOM_LOCAL_AXES, z is the polar axis
     from which the angle theta is measured, and the angle phi is
     measured from the x axis in the xy plane with the y axis
     having a value of phi = +90 degrees.

     R(kappa'(l),l,r) is defined in the _atom_rho_multipole_radial_*
     items.

     rho_core(r) and rho_valence(kappa*r) are the spherical core
     and valence densities, respectively. They are obtained from
     atomic orbital analytic wavefunctions such as those tabulated
     by Clementi & Roetti (1974). They are also the Fourier
     transforms of the X-ray scattering factors given in
     _atom_rho_multipole_scat_core and
     _atom_rho_multipole_scat_valence.

   Ref:  Clementi, E. & Roetti, C. (1974). At. Data Nucl. Data
           Tables, 14, 177-478.
         Hansen, N. K. & Coppens, P.  (1978).
           Acta Cryst. A34, 909-921.

Appears in list containing _atom_rho_multipole_atom_label

Type: numb

Category: atom_rho_multipole