**Definition:**

The overall standard uncertainty (estimated standard deviation) of the displacement parameters based on a maximum-likelihood residual. The overall standard uncertainty (sigma~B~)^2 gives an idea of the uncertainty in the B values of averagely defined atoms (atoms with B values equal to the average B value). N_a (sigma~B~)^2 = 8 ---------------------------------------------- sum~i~ {[1/Sigma - (E_o)^2 (1-m^2)](SUM_AS)s^4} SUM_AS = (sigma_A)^2/Sigma^2 N_a = number of atoms Sigma = (sigma_{E;exp})^2 + epsilon [1-(sigma_A)^2] E_o = normalized structure factors sigma_{E;exp} = experimental uncertainties of normalized structure factors sigma_A = <cos 2 pi s delta_x> SQRT(Sigma_P/Sigma_N) estimated using maximum likelihood Sigma_P = sum_{atoms in model} f^2 Sigma_N = sum_{atoms in crystal} f^2 f = form factor of atoms delta_x = expected error m = figure of merit of phases of reflections included in the summation s = reciprocal-space vector epsilon = multiplicity of diffracting plane summation is over all reflections included in refinement Ref: (sigma_A estimation) "Refinement of macromolecular structures by the maximum-likelihood method", Murshudov, G. N., Vagin, A. A. & Dodson, E. J. (1997). Acta Cryst. D53, 240-255. (SU ML estimation) Murshudov, G. N. & Dodson, E. J. (1997). Simplified error estimation a la Cruickshank in macromolecular crystallography. CCP4 Newsletter on Protein Crystallography, No. 33, January 1997, pp. 31-39. http://www.ccp4.ac.uk/newsletters/newsletter33/murshudov.html

**Type:** float

**Mandatory item:** no

**Category:** refine

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