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Next: Generation and Properties of X-rays

An Introduction to the Scope, Potential and Applications of X-ray Analysis

Michael Laing

Chemistry Department, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa

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  1. Generation and Properties of X-rays
  2. Safety and other Practical Considerations
  3. Structure of Crystals
  4. Classification of Crystals
  5. Diffraction of X-rays
  6. Laue, Powder and Single Crystal Methods
  7. Application to the Analysis of Materials

Teaching Aims

To help students, industrialists, etc., to understand what is the potential of X-ray crystallography with an outline indication of how the various techniques can be applied.


It could be used as a background reader at school level, as an introductory text for metallurgists or materials scientists needing a short course, or as an introduction for non-specialists with some science background.


A general interest in physical scence up to about University entrance standard is all that is required.

Practical Resources

A list of references for further reading is given at the end. Access to a standard X-ray laboratory with various types of cameras would be needed if used as a full course.

Time Required for Teaching

The material itself could be dealt with in an hour or two---but it could equally form the basis, with expansion by the teacher---of about a twenty hour course.

Copyright © 1981, 1997 International Union of Crystallography

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